Differences in health outcomes between Aboriginal people and Canadians are unacceptable and unsustainable, however there is a paucity of public health professionals capable of addressing the needs of Aboriginal communities. Very few opportunities exist for students of public health to critically assess the historical and current processes that continue to widen health gaps among Aboriginal people who live in Canada and other Canadians. Advancing understanding and accountability in public health ethics, policy and practice for students in the field of Aboriginal public health is essential for successful, long-term improvements in health outcomes. The content of the course will include addressing the experience of colonization, Indian Act, the histories and intergenerational impact of the residential school and child-welfare systems, communicable disease prevention, the challenge of ethical public health practice and using traditional healing and ceremonies for early intervention. Students will gain greater understanding of Aboriginal health and will gain skills for becoming socially aware, self- reflective health professionals.